How to Install Water Softener- Step by Step Guide

You have brought a water softener for the home, now what?

To make this work and serve for you, you need to have it properly installed in the right place. You can call up an expert if you want. But in case you are a DIYer and love to do your stuff yourself, you’re at the right place.

In this extensive guide, we’ve done something cool. We’ve divided the hard process of setting up a water softener into some easy steps with all necessary guides and tips. It’s easy for a typical DIYer, and if you’re beginner, you’ll find the steps no hard.

Let’s start with some basics-

Tools and Materials Required

To get over with the entire process of plumbing up a water softener, you need to have several tools and kits in hands. Here is the list of them all-

(N.B.- All they can be availed from the nearest super store shop)

  • Required Tools for the Job
  1. Pliers for slip joints.
  2. Plumbers tape.
  3. Torch for soldering.
  4. Measuring tape.
  5. Tube cutter.
  6. Tube wrench.
  7. Gate valves and Tee valves.
  8. Compression fittings (2)


  • Required Materials for the Job
  1. Copper tees and pipes.
  2. Flux.
  3. Fitting brush.
  4. Valves.
  5. Solders.
  6. PVC flix or solvent.
  7. Torch.

Installing A Water Softener- All You Need to Know

Depending on the type of the water, the location, and the water type, water softeners have several versions of different functionalities. Here in this article, we’ve included instructions for three different water softeners- Salt-based Water Softening System and Salt-free Water Softening System.

There are some other variants as well, but these three are quite the common types that American home users use to use.

Let’s proceed with the Salt-based Water Softening System installation guide-

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Installation Guide for Salt-based Water Softening System

These steps are meant to install a water softening system if you’re living in a topical area where the water is salty. Before you go with the process, make sure that you’re not braking any local code of building maintenance. Because some of the states asks for a shut off valve or bypass before installing such a unit.

Step 1: As you’re beginning, shut off the water houses of the main water line. Drain the pipes opening up to the lowest valve. Let the water run out.

Step 2: Shut down the water heater and disconnect every sort of power connecting to it.

Step 3: Find out the place where you want the water softener to be installed.

Step 4: Cut out the main line of water with a pipe cutter.

Step 5: Setup and install an elbow fitting in the line.

Step 6: Take the measurements of the units of pipes that will lead to the bypass valve.

Step 7: Use a compression fitting to attach the pipes to the unit itself.

Step 8:  Find the place where the unit will rain. And then clamp the hose pipe to the unit the drain.

Step 9: Find out the overflow tube of the unit and connect that to the brine tank.

Step 10: Adjust the valve of the unit into bypass position.

Step 11: Power the unit up and set the valve to the backwash position.


Tips on Installing a Salt-based Water Softening System

If you’re living in seaside areas river shores, the water would be hard and salty by nature. Also, if you source your water from a well, that’s a great chance to contain salt-based water. This particular guide will help you out to get over with a water softener installation in such cases.


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Installation Guide for Salt-free Water Softening System

Now we’re up to the water softeners that have not deal with salt water. Still, there are a number of variations in salt-free water softeners.

However, this steps of installing the unit, uses a non-salt media that filters the water.

Step 1: Find out the area of the water system where you want to place the softener machine.

Step 2: Shut down the main water pipe of the home and drain out all the waters into the pipes.

Step 3: Before the pipe reaches the pre-filter positioning, make a cut in the pipe which carries on the cold-water supply.

Step 4: As you are done, add a shut off valve to the opening of the pipe.

Step 5: A carbon-pre- filter is there in the equipment box. Install it right after the shut off valve.

Step 6: Now, install a second pre-filter after the shut off valve.

Step 7: Connect up the outlet of downflow.

Step 8: Turn on the main water valve. Before that, make sure that the both shut off valves are closed.

Step 9: Open one shut off valve at once and get done with both of them gradually.


Tips on Installing a Salt-free Water Softening System

There are a number of salt-free water softeners in the market. Be aware of which one would be good fit. Better talk some someone expert on this. Be attentive o the user’s manual that comes with the device.